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基本事項（五事）　孫子

故に、これを校ぶるにするに計を以てして、其の情を索む。
曰わく、①主　孰れか賢なる、将　孰れか能なる、②天地　孰れか得たる、③法令　孰れか行なわる、④兵衆　孰れか強き、士卒　孰れか練［なら］いたる、⑤賞罰　孰れか明らかなると。
吾、これを以て勝負を知る。

The art of war, then, is governed by five constant factors, to be taken into account in one's deliberations, when seeking to determine the conditions obtaining in the field. These are: (1) The Moral Law; (2) Heaven; (3) Earth; (4) The Commander; (5) Method and discipline.

Now the general who wins a battle makes many calculations in his temple ere the battle is fought. The general who loses a battle makes but few calculations beforehand. Thus do many calculations lead to victory, and few calculations to defeat: how much more no calculation at all! It is by attention to this point that I can foresee who is likely to win or lose.

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Author:baby powder

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